Simple and Easy Way to Secure Your Wifi Connection
Simple and Easy Way to Secure Your Wifi Connection


Wireless Networking (Wi-Fi) has made it so easy for every person to apply the Internet on your laptop, mobile telephones, capsules and different wi-fi gadgets anywhere inside the house without the muddle of cables.

With traditional wired networks, it is extremely tough for a person to steal your bandwidth but the big problem with wi-fi signals is that others can access the Internet using your broadband connection even while they're in a neighboring building or sitting in an automobile that’s parked outside your apartment.

This practice, also called piggybacking, is awful for 3 reasons:

It will boom your month-to-month Internet invoice especially when you have to pay according to the byte of information transfer.
It will decrease your Internet get entry to speed because you are now sharing the identical internet reference to other users.
It can create a security hazard* as others may also hack your computer systems and get the right of entry to your personal documents thru your personal wireless community.
PS: What do the horrific guys use - There had been quite a few instances where harmless Internet users were arrested for sending hate emails while in reality, their e-mail accounts in which hacked although the unsecured Wi-Fi networks that they had at home. Wireshark is a loose packet sniffing device for Linux, Mac, and Windows that could scan traffic flowing through a wireless community inclusive of cookies, bureaucracy and other HTTP requests.

How to Secure Your Wireless Network
The good news is that it isn't always very hard to make your wireless network secure, as a way to each save you others from stealing your internet and also will save you, hackers, from taking control of your computers thru your own wi-fi community.

Here a few easy things which you need to steady your wi-fi community:




Step 1. Open your router settings page
First, you want to understand how to get admission to your wireless router’s settings. Usually, you may do that through typing in “192.168.1.1” into your web browser, and then enter the ideal user name and password for the router. This is one of a kind for every router, so first test your router’s user manual.

You also can use Google to discover the manuals for maximum routers online in case you misplaced the printed manual that got here together with your router purchase. For your reference, right here are direct links to the manufacturer’s site of some famous router brands - Linksys, Cisco, Netgear, Apple AirPort, SMC, D-Link, Buffalo, TP-LINK, 3Com, Belkin.

Step 2. Create a unique password in your router
Once you have logged into your router, the first issue you ought to do to secure your network is to change the default password* of the router to something greater steady.

This will prevent others from gaining access to the router and you can easily maintain the security settings that you want. You can change the password from the Administration settings in your router’s settings page. The default values are usually admin/password.

PS: What do the terrible guys use - This is a public database of default usernames and passwords of wi-fi routers, modems, switches, and different networking equipment. For instance, each person can effortlessly make out from the database that the factory-default settings for Linksys equipment can be accessed by way of the use of admin for both username and password fields.

Step 3. Change your Network’s SSID call
The SSID (or Wireless Network Name) of your Wireless Router is generally pre-defined as “default” or is about as the logo name of the router (e.G., Linksys). Although this can now not make your community inherently* greater stable, converting the SSID name of your community is a good idea as it will make it extra obvious for others to understand which community they're connecting to.

This setting is generally below the basic wireless settings in your router’s settings page. Once that is set, you will always make sure that you are connecting to the perfect Wireless network even supposing there is more than one wi-fi network to your region. Don’t use your name, home address or different personal statistics inside the SSID call.

Also see: Change Network Name to Prevent Wi-Fi Theft

PS: What do the awful guys use - Wi-Fi scanning equipment like inSSIDer (Windows) and Kismet (Mac, Linux) are loose and they may allow everybody to find all the to be had Wireless Networks in a place even though the routers are not broadcasting their SSID name.

Step 4. Enable Network Encryption
To prevent different computers inside the region from the use of your net connection, you need to encrypt your wireless signals.

There are numerous encryption methods for wi-fi settings, such as WEP, WPA (WPA-Personal), and WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access version 2). WEP is primary encryption and therefore least stable (i.E., it can be effortlessly cracked*, but is compatible with a wide range of gadgets which include older hardware, whereas WPA2 is the maximum security but is handiest well-matched with hardware manufactured given that 2006.

To permit encryption on your Wireless community, open the wi-fi security settings to your router’s configuration page. This will typically assist you to choose which security technique you want to pick out; if you have older gadgets, pick out WEP, otherwise, go together with WPA2. Enter a passphrase to get right of entry to the community; make certain to set this to something that might be hard for others to guess, and don't forget the usage of a combination of letters, numbers, and unique characters within the passphrase.

PS: What do the horrific men use - AirCrack and Chowpatty are some loose tools that allow even non-hackers to crack the WEP / WPA (PSK) keys using a dictionary or brute pressure techniques. A video on YouTube suggests that AirCrack can be effortlessly used to interrupt WiFi encryption the usage of a jail-broken iPhone or an iPod Touch.

Step 5. Filter MAC addresses
Whether you have a computer or a Wi-Fi enabled cell phone, all of your wireless devices have a unique MAC address (this has not anything to do with an Apple Mac) similar to every pc related to the Internet has a completely unique IP deal with. For a brought layer of protection, you can upload the MAC addresses of all your devices for your wi-fi router’s settings so that only the specified devices can hook up with your Wi-Fi network.

MAC addresses are tough-coded into your networking equipment, so one cope with will most effective permit that one tool on the community. It is, unfortunately, possible to spoof a MAC cope with*, however, an attacker should first recognize one of the MAC addresses of the computers which might be related in your Wireless community before he can try spoofing.

To allow MAC to deal with filtering, first, make a list of all your hardware devices that you want to connect with your wireless network**. Find their MAC addresses, after which upload them to the MAC deal with filtering on your router’s administrative settings. You can discover the MAC deal with for your computer systems by using beginning Command Prompt and typing in “ipconfig /all”, with a purpose to display your MAC address beside the call “Physical Address”. You can locate the MAC addresses of Wireless cell telephones and other portable devices beneath their community settings, even though this could range for every tool.

PS: What do the horrific guys use - Someone can exchange the MAC deal with his or her very own pc and can easily connect to your community considering that your community allows connection from devices that have that unique MAC cope with. Anyone can decide the MAC cope with of your device wi-fi the usage of a sniffing tool like Nmap and he can then exchange the MAC cope with of his very own laptop the usage of every other free tool like MAC Shift.

Step 6. Reduce the Range of the Wireless Signal
If your wi-fi router has an excessive variety however you are staying in a small studio apartment, you can do not forget lowering the signal range through either changing the mode of your router to 802.11g (in preference to 802.11n or 802.11b) or use an extraordinary wi-fi channel.

You can also strive for setting the router beneath the bed, inside a shoe field or wrap a foil around the router antennas so that you can somewhat restrict the course of indicators.

Apply the Anti-Wi-Fi Paint - Researchers have advanced a unique Wi-Fi blocking paint that assists you to stop acquaintances from accessing your own home community without you having to installation encryption on the router level. The paint carries chemical substances that block radio alerts via absorbing them. “By coating a whole room, Wi-Fi signals can’t get in and, crucially, can’t get out.”

Step 7. Upgrade your Router’s firmware
You have to take a look at the manufacturer’s site sometimes to make sure that your router is strolling the present-day firmware. You can discover the existing firmware version of your router the usage of the router’s dashboard at 192.168.*.

Connect to your Secure Wireless Network
To conclude, MAC Address filtering with WPA2 (AES) encryption (and a really complicated passphrase) might be the first-class manner to steady your wireless community.

Once you've got enabled the diverse security settings on your wi-fi router, you need to upload the new settings in your computer systems and different wi-fi gadgets so that all of them can connect to the Wi-Fi community. You can pick out to have your laptop automatically connect to this network so that you won’t need to input the SSID, passphrase and different data on every occasion you connect with the Internet.

Your wireless network will now be plenty greater secure and intruders may also have a difficult time intercepting your Wi-Fi indicators.

Who is Connected to your Wireless Network
If you are worried that an outsider may be connecting to the Internet using your Wireless community, try AirSnare - it’s a loose utility that will search for unexpected MAC addresses in your Wireless community in addition to DHCP requests. Another alternative is that you open your router’s administration page (the use of the 192.168.* deal with) and look for the DHCP Clients Table (it’s under Status > Local Network on Linksys routers). Here you will see a list of all computers and wi-fi gadgets that are connected to your house community.

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